Friday, January 22, 2010

Kendalls and Ruth Kendall [Landis]


Between 1747 and 1754 Nathan Kendall settled on a tract near Soubegan river. He was born in 1726 and died 10 Nov., 1791. In 1753 he married Rebecca Coulburn, or Colburn, of Merrimac. She died in Antrim, N. H., in 1818. Their son Capt. Thaddeus Kendall was born in Amherst, N. H., 2 Aug., 1772. He married Catherine Fletcher, 25 Sept., 1800. She was a daughter of Robert Fletcher. She died 27 April, 1801, aged 22.

Thaddeus married second, Abigail Wilkins, 13 Nov., 1803. She was born 30 April, 1773, and died in Mobile, Ala., Sept., 1853. Thaddeus settled in Vergennes, Vt., where he died. Thaddeus KENDALL was born on August 2, 1772 in Amherst, NH.. He died in 1843 in Vergennes


1. George Wilkins Kendall, born 22 Aug., 1809; died Texas, 2 Oct., 1867.See his biography, here.

2. Thaddeus Richmond Kendall; lived in Mobile, Alabama before the Civil War and moved to Binghamton NY where he died Sept 19, 1882.

3. Catherine Kendall married a Rix and lived in Alabama.


KENDALL Capt Thaddeus Kendall son of Nathan and Rebecca Colburn Kendall b Amherst Aug 2 1772 m 1 Catharine dau of Robert Fletcher Esq Sept 25 1800 She d April 27 1801 age 22 m 2 Abigail dau Dea Samuel and Abigail Farwell Wilkins of Amherst Nov 13 1808 She was b April 30 1773 n Amherst d Moble Ala Sept 27 1853

He settled in Mont Vernon where he was a merchant several years While here he was interested in the militia and under his leadership and instruction the North West Parish or Mont Vernon Company became one of the best in the old Fifth Regt Leaving Mont Vernon he settled in Vergennes Vt.

He died in Burlington Vt in 1843. Their children were
1 George Wilkins b Mont Vernon Aug 22 1809

2 Thaddeus Richmond b Mont Vernon He in Amanda Hutchins of Alabama had several ch two of whom are now living. He was a lawyer in Moble Ala also engaged in mercantile business there. He removed to Concord NH thence to Binghamton NY where he died Sept 19, 1882.

3 Catherine b Mont Vernon m William Rix in 1837 They had several children only two now living two dau married live near her in Royalton Vt She lived in Mobile Ala until the war of 1860 broke out when she moved to Vermont Mr R is dead

George Wilkins Kendall, son of Thaddeus Richmond? - obit in NYTimes

 E. Kendall writes:
My grandfather, Thaddeus Richmond (Rich) Kendall II, after a prolonged drinking bout and with a case of pneumonia, returned to be with his wife at her parents home on Front Street in Binghampton, NY. It was there that he fell down the stairs and died shortly afterwords. He had been a dashing young man of talent, a newspaper man with a drinking problem who wasted his life.

The Landis home at 49 Wilmot Rd., Scarsdale

Left to R: Ruth Kendall Landis, Great Aunt Nan Mitchell Mayo, Great Aunt Lucy Mitchell, Eliza Mitchell [Kendall] Kendall's grandmother) Jean Mayo, Kendall Landis, Edgar B. Landis, Margaret Sweet (Aunt Lucy's partner), Great Aunt Helen Kendall, Uncle Ralph Mayo.

Sunday, January 17, 2010

Arthur Mead Edwards, Emma Ward, and Fosters

Arthur Mead Edwards and Emma Cornelia Ward [Edwards] are the great grandparents of Joan Hutton Landis, Christopher and Rosemary Foster Louden, Barbara Chalfin Powers, and Bruce Chalfin, Dudley Foster, Ben Foster and Becky Foster Light. Also of Judy Foster Burke, Lynn Foster, Andy Foster and Ricky Foster.

Arthur Mead Edwards, MD

He was a doctor who taught at the N.Y. Infirmary, founded in 1853 by Elizabeth Blackwell, the first female physician in the United States who was determined to provide care for the impoverished women and children of Lower Manhattan.

Emma Cornelia Ward was born in Newark, N.J., June 5, 1845 and died on March 28, 1896 in Clearwater, Fl. with Dr. Sarah R. Mead in attendance. Arthur Mead Edwards married Emma Ward 4 April 1872.

Emma Ward - Margaret Foster [Hutton] had this photo, which was taken at the studio of L. Alman, 172, 5th Ave at the corner of twenty Second St in NYC.  It was taken at the same sitting as a photo copied in the book Lives of NJ Women, which I have duplicated below.

Emma Ward received her education in her native city. In 1870 she was graduated from the Woman's Medical College of New York and was valedictorian, and with the exception of two years, spent in California, practiced medicine in the city of Newark, N.J. She was a member of the Essex District Medical Society. See this short bio in the History of Essex and Hudson Counties by Shaw.

They married, set up practices in Newark, N.J. and had two daughters Harriet Smith and Eleanor Pierrepont.

Joan T. Hutton [Landis] recalls the following about Emma:
At some point, the family went to San Francisco on the way to be medical missionaries in Japan, or so I remember. Something catastrophic happened there. Arthur and Emma never spoke to one another again and used their daughters as a means of communication. Theories I have heard discussed were that Arthur was beaten up by the Tong Gang and had a concussion, or stroke. He and she quarreled bitterly over some event. Arthur went on to live with Harry and Harriet Foster and my mother remembers him as a wonderful grandfather, in touch with many of the contemporary scientists and owning a very fine microscope, a present from Agassiz (sp. his professor at Harvard).

Emma continued to practice in Newark and bought land in Florida with orange groves. She died there perhaps of typhoid fever. Becky Foster [Light] did some research on her and believed that Emma came to prefer women and that this may have been at the source of the disagreement. Both the Ward and the Edwards families have very interesting backgrounds and it is hoped that Kit Foster will provide those.
[Joshua Landis adds, January 16, 2010: Read a full biographical sketch of Emma Ward here, which I have copied below. It is written by Susan Newberry in Past and Promise, Lives of New Jersey Women

Emma Cornelia (Ward) Edwards, 1845-1896

Emmas Cornelia (Ward) Edwards, one of the leading women doctors in Newark and the state of New Jersey of her time, was among the first generation of women to be trained and inspired by the great 19th-century women pioneers of medicine, Drs. Elizabeth and Emily Blackwell. The first of seven children, four of whom reached adulthood, Edwards was born in Newark on June 5, 1845, to Deidamia (Bowles) and Caleb S. Ward. Her father was a grocer by trade and a member of the prominent Ward family, associated with Newark since it founding. His business at 498 Broad Street probably catered to the fine homes around nearby Washington Park, where his residence at 11 Washington Street stood on old family property. [You can see Washington Park by clincking, here and moving around the picture.] He counted among his neighbors, and most likely his customers as well, his brother Joseph Ward, president of the Essex Country National Bank, and his more distant relative Marcus Ward, Philanthropist and governor of New Jersey from 1866 to 1869.

Emma Ward was descended from John Bowles who fought in the Revolutionary War. Emma's daughter, Eleanor Pierrepont Edwards, had the family history added to the Daughters of the America Revolution Lineage Book, published in 1897.

[Parents of Emma Ward: A number of Caleb Wards are mentioned in the History of Essex and Hudson Counties going back to the early 1700s. Here is one example on page 459:
In 1819 Fire Company No 3 was organized and a new engine the first built in Newark was brought into use. It was constructed by Stephen Dodd and Caleb S Ward. In the early thirties two more companies Nos 4 and 5 were organized by some of the best citizens. In 1836 the several companies underwent some changes calculated to enable them to work more systematically and effectively. 
 Or this: "Caleb S Ward ordained May 1864."

Here is a further reference about collecting a past due Civil War pension:
From the Newark Daily Advertiser, February 21, 1853:
On the 19th inst., Francis Alexander, aged 2 years, and on the 20th inst., Joseph Bowles, in the 5th year of his age: children of Caleb S. and Deidamia B. Ward. The relatives and friends of the family are invited to attend the funeral this afternoon at 3 o'clock, from No. 9 Washington Street. Their remains will be taken to the Mt. Pleasant Cemetery for interment.]
Arthur M. Edwards was the great grandson of
James Smith (b. 15th June, 1727 - 8 March 1795), a wealthy non-conformist (Unitarian) wool merchant of Norwich, England, who married Frances Kinderley, only daughter of Rev. John Kinderley. She was born 5 November 1731 and died 4 February 1820.  They had four children:
  1. James Edward Smith (2 Febraury 1759 - 17 march 1828) Married Pleasance Reeve, daughter of Robert Reeve of Lowestoft. She was born 11 May 1773 and died 3 February 1877 at 104 years fo age.
  2. Francis Smith (30 August 1764 - 11 September 1815)
  3. Frances Julia Smith (19 November 1776 to 11 April 1854)
  4. Esther Anne Smith, baptized 8 July 1778 - 29 Bovember 1851)
Francis Smith married Sarah Marsh on 24 June 1795. She died 23 May 1850. He died 11 September 1815. They had two children: 
  1. Frances Catherine Smith (7 May 1796- 20 January 1869)
  2. Harriet Smith (21 May 1798 - 17 February 1871)
Harriet Smith

Harriet Smith married August 1820 to Charles Edwards of Wisbeach 27 (24 March 1797 - 30 May 1868). 
Charles Edwards of Wisbeach 27 (24 March 1797 - 30 May 1868)
Harriet Smith (Edwards) gave birth to six children:
  1. Charles Gilbert Edwards (9 May 1824 - 21 July 1902)
  2. Francis Smith Edwards (2 June 1826 - 1 June 1865)
  3. John Pierrepont Edwards (11 May 1833 - 11 September 1894)
  4. Fredrick Stuart Edwards (13 March 1835 - 11 September 1894)
  5. Arthur Mead Edwards (16 August 1836 - 13 September 1914)
  6. St George Elliman Edwards, who died in infancy. 
Arthur Mead Edwards married Emma Ward 4 April 1872. They had two children:
  1. Harriet Smith Edwards (10 June 1873 - 23 April 1943)
  2. Eleanor Pierrepont Edwards (22 December1875 - 5 January 1956) m. 14 April 1903 to Howard Adams (8 December 1871 - ?) children: Howard Adams (30 June 1904 - ?), Pierrepont Adams (24 April 1913 - ?) To see a May 11, 1902, NY Time's comment on a wedding at which Eleanor was a bridesmaid, click here.
The following is a letter written by Arthur Mead Edwards at the age of 24 to the widow of James Edward Smith (2 Febraury 1759 - 17 march 1828), the famous botanist and president of the Linnean society. Lady Pleasance Reeve [Smith] (11 May 1773 - 3 February 1877).(click on the letter to enlarge)

You can read his best known work: Life Beneath the Waters; or, the Aquarium in America, New York, 1858 as a Google book on line. Here is a picture from the book on page 124:

Also read his: On the occurrence of living forms in the hot waters of California by ARTHUR MEAD EDWARDS.

Emma Edwards attended local private schools for her early education. An illness at seventeen, requited several years of medical care, reputedly influenced her determination to become a physician, as did probably the tragic deaths of three siblings in their infancy and childhood. By age 21 she had persuaded several local doctors to let her study under them. At the time, medical schools were virtually closed to women. However, in 1868 a serendipitous breakthrough occurred. The Women's Medical College of the New York Infirmary, the first medical College run for and by women, was founded by the Blackwell sisters; it was only a short ride away n Lower Manhattan. Edwards successfully passed the entrance exam, immediately enrolled, and apparently excelled in the rigorous course of study, which was equal to the even more progressive than that of most 19th century American medical schools.

In 1870 Edwards graduated as the valedictorian of the college's first class and she remained associated with the school through 1871 in multiple capacities: as clinical assistant fro the Medical Clinic of the Faculty of Medicine, dispensary physician, and instructor in "practice." During this postgraduate year she is said to have further expanded the breadth of her knowledge by working for Dr. Edward Loring of New York, an esteemed ophthalmologist and perfector of the ophthalmoscope.

With her excellent training behind her, Edwards pursued private practice, the preferred avenue of medicine in the 19th century. In the 1871 Newark City Directory she advertised her services as an allopathic (regular medical) physician at her family home at 11 Washington Street. Despite the rarity of women in the medical profession the time, and the opposition to them, Edwards is said to have met with unusual success. Initially, the high standing of the Ward family name may have assisted in her acceptance by the community. In time, however, her demonstrated skills must have been the determining factor.

On April 13, 1872, she married Arthur Mead Edwards, a professor of theoretical and practical chemistry (1870-73) and microscopy (1872-73) at the Women's College of the New york Infirmary, and withdrew from active practice. They chose to make their home in Newark, which was a rapidly growing city in the need of doctors, and by 1873 Arthur mead Edwards had opened a general practice. Edwards apparently devoted herself to her duties as a young wife an a mother of two daughters, Harriet Smith (b. 1873) and Eleanor Pierrepont (b. 1875).

Whether this hiatus in Edwards's career was meant to be permanent is not known. In 1877 Arthur Mead Edwards accepted an appointment to teach chemistry at the University of Tokyo, newly established in 1868, and he launched his young family on the difficult first leg of the journey to japan, by way of California. The exact cause remains obscure, but in Berkley (or San Francisco) he fell ill and lost his memory to the extent that he felt compelled to refuse his academic post. He is then said to have practiced medicine in Berkley for two years.

In 1879 the family returned to Newark by train, shipping their belongings around Cape Horn for the second time, and joined Edwards's parents and siblings at 11 Washington Street. Exhibiting great resilience, Edwards reestablished her services as a doctor by the end of the year. Her husband apparently soon withdrew from active medical practice and until his death in 1914 concentrated on filed work, research, and published in the burgeoning young field of microbiology.

Edwards excelled at clinical work. Once again her general practice became large and thriving. Any lingering resistance to her as a women physician was removed by her proven medical abilities, energy, and conscientious attitude, and kind and tactful manner. Evidence of the range of Edwards's expertise and compassionate spirit is seen i the letter she wrote to the editor of the widely read Medical Record of New York in 1979 advocating the use of an ingenious rawhide jacket for sufferers of tuberculosis of the spine in place of heavier, less comfortable ones of plaster or metal. Noting that she hoped that the deforming disease would soon be recognized and cured, she ended the letter: "the physical suffering saved will be enormous, but who can estimate the mental stress prevented?" (Medical Record, 407) The high regard in which Edwards's fellow professionals held her is attested to by her acceptance in 1880 to both the Essex Country and the New Jersey medical societies, through a process of competitive exams and elections, at a time when medical societies were only beginning to open their memberships to women.

In 1885 Edwards was joined in her offices at 11 Washington Street by a young fellow graduate of the Women's Medical College of the New York Infirmary, Dr. Sarah R. Mead. This loyal alliance lasted for more than ten years, and following Edwards's death, Mead continued her practice in the same area of the city and carried on some of her partner's charity work. Alice Hamilton Ward, Edwards' youngest sibling, born in 1865, was likely influenced by her sister's example to attend the Women's Medical College. Graduating in 1890, she shared a practice with Edwards and Mead before working on her own as a physician.

As with most Victorian women physicians, the middle class probably formed the backbone of Edwards's practice. The Newark City Health Department Delivery Records for 1887-92 reveal that she frequently assisted at the births of children of blue and white-collar workers of the community: die cutters, iron workers, printers, merchants, diamond brokers, clerks, bankers, and lawyers. The financial security thus afforded her and her family enabled her to devote countless hours, probably largely in a volunteer capacity, to serving the indigent and poor. Soon after her return to Newark, she began to work on the medical staffs of the Society for the Relief of Respectable Aged Women, the Home for Incurables and Convalescents and the Working Girls Club boardinghouse, both run by the YWCA. She also was one of the attending physicians of the Newark City Dispensary, which provided drugs, smallpox vaccines, and programs on child hygiene and other health concerns at little or no cost.

Edwards found still more time to be involved in efforts for social reform as well as her own self-renewal and enrichment. Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell had strongly exhorted her students to focus particularly on the health and welfare of children, and Edwards apparently was long aware of the high incidence of child neglect and mortality in Newark. (Her medical college thesis in 1870 had been on infanticide.) From 1882 to 1896 she fought to improve the lives of victims of child abuse, which numbered 5,000 annually in Newark alone, as a physician and director for the Children's Aid Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to the Children of Essex Country. She also promoted the free kindergarten movement in her city. Still at the center of debate over its efficacy in 1896, proponents such as Edwards toured the wide benefits of early education, particularly for the poor and working classes. Her daughter Harriet Edwards shared her belief in this progressive form of education and ran a kindergarten in her home from the year of Edwards's death in 1896 until 1900.

For Edwards's own self-improvement and the opportunity to socialize with women friends, she turned to the Ray Palmer Club, a reading association encouraged by and named for a Well-loved Belleville, NJ, preacher, poem and hymn writer. Bimonthly topics included literature, history, art, music, philanthropy, science, the home, and current events and helped link Edwards to the world outside of the demands of her work and family life.

In early March 1896 Edwards, tired and suffering from what was thought to be a slight ailment, took her usual trip to Florida for a brief respite. Within a week she showed signs of what may have been a recurrent malarial fever and that probably lowered her resistance to what was reported varyingly as typhoid fever or dysentery. Any of these diseases could have been contracted by her in Newark, where they were widespread.

On March 28, 1896, with Dr. Sarah R. Mead (See her bio, here) in attendance, she died in Clearwater, Fl. She was buried in Newark's Mount Pleasant Cemetery in the family plot.

Tributes ran for days in the Newark papers, and her devoted friend and noted Newark art educator Sarah A. Fawcett donated a new central altar to the House of Prayer in her memory.
 Sarah A. Fawcett helped found the first Normal School in Newark. Here is a paragraph from the New York Times articlethat is well worth reading in its entirety for a short and compelling history of the city:
"NEWARK A TRADE CENTRE; Develops in 250 Years an Industrial System Reaching to the Ends of the Earth."
By J. WILMER KENNEDY. Assistant Superintendent of Newark Public Schools.
April 30, 1916, Sunday: Page X12, 3718 words
Edwards authored two articles: "The Raw-Hide Jacket for Spinal Disease," Medical Record 16 (1879): 406; and "Undeveloped Uterus with Apparent Absence of Ovaries," Medical Record 20 (1881): 653. Obituaries appeared in Transactions of the Medical Society of New Jersey (1896): 359-60; Medical Record 49 (1896): 852; the Newark Daily Advertiser, Mar. 30, 1896; Newark Evening News, Mar. 30, 1896; and the Woman's Journal (Boston) 27 (may 9, 1896).
[This biography of Emma was written by Susan Newberry a member of the Newark Historical Preservation Society]

Emma and Arthur M. Edwards co-authored a
"Report of the anniversary meeting of the Alumnae Association of the Woman's Medical College of the New York Infirmary. Held at the infirmary, March 24th, 1871.
Printed by order of the association. Authors Alumnae Association of the Woman's Medical College of the New York Infirmary, Emma C. Ward, Arthur Mead Edwards. Publisher: S. Angell, printer. Length 24 pages. Subjects: Women, Women physicians.
She helped establish the Essex County Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
In the month of February 1883 there was organized in Newark following in the wake of over forty other cities and towns a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. It found plenty of work to do. Many of the cases that come before the society are those of destitution and beggary the latter often the result of intemperance on the part of the parents or of unconquerable idleness. Many of the parents sin through ignorance rather than from design and they can be reached through the influences that can be brought to bear upon the children. The society started out to use all remedies according to the necessity of the case. It takes note of cruelty in its broadest sense which includes any form of injustice or wrong to a child or any perversion of its faculties or any neglect or destitution and it strives within its proper sphere to bring the discordant parts of human life into accord with the body politic to stimulate industry to promote morality and check intemperance. The original incorporators of the society were Thomas B Peddie, James W Miller, D Smith Wood, Gen William Ward, John M Rand MD, Christopher Roberts, JK Hoyt, John Hyler Smith, James Austin William,s Mrs TT Kinney, William A Smith, MD., Emma W Edwards MD....
Read this here.

The Ward family of Newark is described in a biographical sketch of Marcus L. Ward, who served as Governor of New Jersey from 1866 to 1869, as follows:

Hon. Marcus L. Ward, ex-Governor of New Jersey, was born Nov. 9, 1812, in the city of Newark, where his paternal ancestors have resided since 1666. The Wards are of English stock, and their home was in Northamptonshire, where the records of the family may be found. Stephen Warde married Joice Traford, and after his death his widow, with some of their children, including John Ward, came to New England in 1630, and in 1635 settled at Wethersfield, Conn. John Ward came to Newark in 1666, in company with about thirty families, and these formed the first settlers on the shore of the Passaic, laying out the present city of Newark. A son of John Ward, of the same name, was shortly after married to Abigail Kitchell, the grand-daughter of the Rev. Abraham Pierson, the pious and eloquent pastor of the settlers, in honor of whose birth-place in England the name of Newark was conferred upon this, his new home. From such a stock one might well expect an honored progeny, and it is not too much to say that during seven generations this family have been distinguished by the highest qualities of integrity and personal honor.

Oddly, Marcus Ward died of "Malarial influences" in 1884 after visiting Florida with a portion of his family. He was not the father of Emma, as he was survived by only two sons out of the original eight children born to his wife, Susan L. Morris, but he was a relative.]

The prominent role of Wards in founding the city can be discovered in Narratives of Newark From the Days of its Founding, 1666 - 1916, by David Lawrence Pierson. Josiah Ward helped the first woman to set foot in Newark.

Harriet Smith Edwards (10 June 1873 - 23 April 1943) married on 25 January 1900 to Harry Walter Foster (21 July 1870 - 15 December 1944)

Harriet Smith Edwards went to Smith College, but did not stay to finish.
Harriet Smith Edwards (10 June 1873 - 23 April 1943) and sister, Eleanor Pierrepont (22 December1875 - 5 January 1956)
She was always devoted to the church and sang in the choir where she met Harry Walter Foster whom she married on 25 January 1900. A strong believer in early education, she ran a kindergarten in her home from the year of Edwards' death in 1896 to 1900. Harriet and Harry had seven children,
  1. Dudley Edwards Foster (12 Dec. 1900)
  2. Margaret Agnes Foster (14 August 1902 -)
  3. Eleanor Pierrepont Foster in (22 February l904 - ) m. Bruce Chalfin
  4. Harry Lincoln Foster (12 February 1906 -
  5. Ralph Hamilton Foster (3 November 1907 - 27 March 1909)
  6. Philip Worthington Foster (1 June 1914 -  )
  7. Richard Ward Foster (18 June 1914) (See his memoir, All Our Yesterdays.)
Harriet Foster and her children c. 1917
Back row L: Lincoln, Eleanor, Margaret and Dudley
In front: Richard and Phil
Ralph Hamilton Foster (3 November 1907 - 27 March 1909) at 1 year old, 1908, shortly before his death.

They lived in Newark and Roseville. Later, they would buy a farm in Milton, Conn. for summers. (See Ben Foster on this house which was adored by all the Foster children.)

"Laurel Hill" - the Foster summer home in Milton, Conn. - now owned by Ben and Zay Foster

Ben Foster writes, 13 January 2010:
This is Milton, Conn., where the family spent the summers, built in 1850, which unfortunately burned to the ground in 1946. The house along with barns and 110 acres belonged to Harry and Harriet Edwards Foster from 1910 until 1921, a summer house when the family lived in Newark, NJ. When they bought a house in Morristown, NJ, they sold the house in Milton, Conn., but the house had been home to all our parents' generation, Dudley, Margaret, Eleanor, Linc, Phil and Dick. Home at least in the summer, and also vivid home in the imagination, exerting such a strong pull that all but Dudley and Eleanor ended up living in Litchfield County, CT, at least for some of their years. Margaret, Linc and Phil lived out most of their adult years within an hour's drive of the Milton property. As you know, we now own this property, or what is left of it--a house situated on the old foundations plus about nine acres of mixed wooded and open land. It's even more rural than when our grandparents lived there, for the fields have grown up to forests and the village of Milton has lost citizens and saw mills and a knife and shears factory (thus Shear Shop Road, named for a knife and shears factory). I can't figure out who supplied the two photos of the old house, because we have never seen those particular photos, though we have one similar to the first. (Joan T. H. L. supplied the photos. Ben, I want your photo of Lavender Ledge.)
Harry Walter Foster (1870 - 1944) (Joan T. H. L.) was an inventor and tried to manufacture Strike A light cigarettes (no need for a match) but was stopped by the opposition. They moved to Morristown (date to be provided) where they bought Kahdena and Voorhees Hardware Store, founded in 1930 by Cook, Voorhees and Co.

Kahdena was a large three story house with a wide porch, gardens, greenhouse and tennis courts. When Voorhees finally went out of business, Harriet and Harry moved to an apartment on Washington St. where Harriet, now very crippled with rheumatoid arthritis, died on April 23, 1943. Harry, born in Dudley England and brought to the U.S. at one year old, was a hunch back. He was kind and shy and never discussed his deformity with his children. He died a year later in Morristown.
Fosters at Christmas, Kahdena, 1934: (Courtesy of Kit: click to enlarge)
Back row: Bruce Chalfin, Phil, Dick, Linc, Dudley
Front row: Eleanor, Mag, Harry, Harriet, Reggie (w/Becky in utero), Midge.
Children: BG, Joan, Barbara.
(Phil and Dick were unmarried, Becky, Ben and Lil Dudley were as yet unborn, and Lewis T absent)

1936 Xmas at Khadena:
Back from Left: Richard W, Lewis II, Dudley Jr., Dudley, Midge (Margaret Foster - Ms. Dudley), Harry Walter Foster, Eleanor Pierrepont l904 - Ms Bruce, Reginald T Foster - Ms Lincoln, Ben, Phil
Front:  Barbara Chalfin, Bruce G. Chalfin, Bruce (B.G.)
Chalfin Jr., Mag, Harriet Smith Edwards, Joan T. Hutton, Harry Lincoln, Becky

Family group at Undermountain Rd, Falls Village, 10 August 1947
Back row: Mag, Ben, Dick, Eileen, Bunny, Linc
Front row: Rick, Lynn, Becky, Rosemary, Judy, Kit. 

Margaret Foster's 80th birthday reunion 14 August 1982 at Millstream House, Lincoln and Timmie Foster's house in Falls Village, Conn.
Standing in Back: Kit Foster, Kendall Landis, Bunny Foster, Jay Louden, Rosie F. Louden, Joshua Landis, Joan Landis, Zay Foster, Becky Light, Timmie Foster, Christopher Landis, Ben Foster, Eileen Foster, Andy Foster, Lynn Foster, Judy Foster [Burke]

Seated: Philip W. Foster, Margaret Hutton, Lincoln Foster, Richard Foster

Front: Jill Foster (W. Harriet), Nicholas Foster, Evan Louden, Rachel Louden, Allison Light, Sharon Burke, Jeremiah Foster, and Nathaniel Foster
Read about each Foster and their families of their own pages:
  1. Dudley Edwards Foster (12 Dec. 1900)
  2. Margaret Agnes Foster (14 August 1914 - April 7, 1984)
  3. Eleanor Pierrepont Foster in (l904 - m. Chalfin
  4. Harry Lincoln Foster (12 February 1906 -
  5. Ralph Hamilton Foster (3 November 1907 - 27 March 1909)
  6. Philip Worthington Foster (1 June 1914 -  )
  7. Richard Ward Foster (18 June 1914) (See his memoir, All Our Yesterdays.)

Thursday, January 14, 2010

Lewis Tooker Hutton I

Lewis Tooker Hutton I was born on Jan 25, 1844 in NYC. He married at Brookside, the Stewart mansion in Newburgh NY in 1897 at the age of 53 to Jesse Eunice Stewart who was 28 years old. He died seventeen years later on October 20, 1914 in Morristown, N.J. His father was Andrew Hutton, born in Scotland in 1809. His Mother was Joanna S. Hutton, born in N.J.,

The 1870 Census has Lewis listed as living with his father, Andrew and mother Joanna S., and sister Margaret. He was working as a "Clerk in a Post Office." Two others were living in the house. Mary Golden 20, servant; and Mary Paradise 14, attending school

Lewis F Hutton
Birth Year: abt 1846
Age in 1870: 24
Birthplace: New York
Home in 1870: New York Ward 16 District 14, New York, New York

The 1900 Census has Lewis listed as retired, owner of a mortgaged home.

Home in 1900: Morristown Ward 2, Morris, New Jersey
Age: 46 (His real age was 56)
Birth Date: Jan 1854 (his real birthday is 1844)
Birthplace: New York
Father's Birthplace: Scotland
Mother's Birthplace: New Jersey
Spouse's name: Jessie J
Marriage Year: 1898
Marital Status: Married
Years Married: 2
Household Members:
Louis T Hutton 46
Jessie S Hutton 30 Her birthday is listed Aug 1869
Andrew Hutton 6/12 (6 months) b. 1899
Alma Larssen 18 Servant - cook from Sweeden 18
Lenora Robinson 26 Nurse, has one child

1910 Census
Lewis T Hutton 57, 12 years of marriage, owns home with Mortgage
Jessie E. 40
Andrew L. S. 11
Lewis T. 5
No servants listed

We believe that the Huttons were Methodists.

He married Jesse Eunice Stewart [Hutton] b. 6 August 1869.

They had two children: Andy and Lewis Tooker Hutton II

Mary Stewart [Hafer] wrote to Joan Hutton L. on (26 January 2008):
I think I can tell you a little more about your Grandfather Hutton. I heard it many times from my father. Your grandfather was related to the Huttons who had the vast fortune from the Woolworth stores. His parents brought him up to be a "Gentleman," in the English sense that a gentleman does not engage in mundane work or worry about money. He lived with his parents until he was forty. He then inherited $60,000 from an aunt. This was enough, if wisely invested, to support a family in a modest manner. He then married my great aunt, the sister of my father and Uncle Sam.
They lived very well and in about five years, the inheritance was gone. Conveniently, another aunt died and left him another $60,000. They spent this in another five years. Then another aunt died and left another $60,000. This was the last inheritance he would receive. Uncle Sam, the patriarch of the Stewarts and whoever was the patriarch of the Huttons were worried about their spendthrift relatives. Although they had no legal authority over their adult relatives, they dragged them to the N.Y. office of the business-minded Huttons and persuaded them to sign documents putting this last inheritance into a trust.
Your Grandfather and my great aunt were pretty unhappy about this. They had to give up their coach and coachman and many other luxuries to which they had become accustomed but they had enough to live on for the rest of their lives. I believe I heard you say that your father [Lewis T Hutton II] received money from a trust and that ken's father Edgar Landis [who worked for Chemical Bank] was involved with this trust. I would guess that this was the same trust that was set up for your grandparents.
Fondly, Mary 

Wednesday, January 13, 2010

James Edward Smith

James Edward Smith (from Wikipedia)with additions from a booklet prepared by Philip and Bunny Foster in 1964.

Sir James Edward Smith (2 December 1759 – 17 March 1828) was an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.

Smith was born in Norwich in 1759, the son of a wealthy wool merchant. He displayed a precocious interest in the natural world. During the early 1780s he enrolled in the medical course at the University of Edinburgh where he studied chemistry under Joseph Black and natural history under John Walker. He then moved to London in 1783 to continue his studies. Smith was a friend of Sir Joseph Banks who was offered the entire collection of books, manuscripts and specimens of the Swedish natural historian and botanist Carolus Linnaeus, following the death of his son Carolus Linnaeus the Younger. Banks declined the purchase but Smith bought the collection for the bargain price of £1,000. The collection arrived in London in 1784 and in 1786 Smith was elected Fellow of the Royal Society.

Between 1786 and 1788 Smith travelled the Grand Tour through the Netherlands, France, Italy and Switzerland visiting botanists, picture galleries and herbaria. He founded the Linnean Society of London in 1788 becoming its first President, a post he held for 40 years until his death. He returned to live in Norwich in 1796 bringing with him the entire Linnean Collection. His library and botanical collections acquired European fame and were visited by numerous entomologists and botanists throughout the Continent. In 1792, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. in 1814 J.E. Smith was knighted.

Smith spent the remaining thirty years of his life writing books and articles upon botany. His books included Flora Britannica and The English Flora (4 volumes, 1824 – 1828). He contributed 3,348 botanical articles to Rees's Cyclopaedia between 1808 and 1819, following the death of Rev. William Wood, who had started the work. He contributed 7 volumes to the only major botanical publication of the eighteenth century, Flora Graeca, the publications begun by John Sibthorp. A fruitful collaboration was found through descriptions Smith supplied to publisher and illustrator, James Sowerby. Depiction of flora in England had previously only found patronage for aesthetic concerns, but an interest in gardening and natural history saw illustrated publications, such as the exotic A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland and the 36 volume work English Botany, reaching new audiences.[1]

In 1797 Smith published The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia, the earliest book on American insects. It included the illustrations and notes of John Abbot, with descriptions of new species by Smith based on Abbot's drawings.[2]

Smith's friendship with William Roscoe saw him contribute 5000 plants between 1806 and 1817 to supplement the Roylean Herbarium. This was to become the Smith Herbarium held by the Liverpool Botanic Garden.[3] After Smith's death the Linnean Collection, together with Smith's own collections, were bought by the Linnean Society for £3,150.

He was married to Pleasance Reeve (1773-1877), daughter of robert Reeve of Lowestoft. She survived her husband by 49, living to the age of 104 years.  years and edited his memoirs and correspondence. Lady Smith continued to live at Norwich until 1849 when she moved to Lowestoft where she died in 1877. They are buried together at St Margaret's, Lowestoft.[4]  They had no children.

An example of the Smith prints, found here. Joan and Kendall Landis have many of these prints hanging in their house. This plate is from the book, 'Icones pictae plantarum rariorum descriptionibus et observationibus illustratae, Auctore J.E. Smith, M.D. Fasc. 1-3.'' Date=1790-1793, Author=James Edward Smith and James Sowerby.

Friday, January 8, 2010

The Stewart & Lyon Families, including Jessie Eunice Stewart [Hutton]

Jessie Eunice Stewart [Hutton] born on August 6, 1869 in Newburgh and died on April 12, 1927 in Morristown, N.J. She married Lewis Tooker Hutton I.

 Jessie Stewart as a young lady. Photos sent by Mary Hafer on 14 Jan 2010.

Jessie Stewart [Hutton] as remembered by her grand daughter Joan Tooker Hutton [Landis].(January 1, 2010)
My grandparents on the paternal side were Jessie Eunice Stewart and Lewis Tooker Hutton I. I never knew either of them. Jessie was the daughter of Lachlan Stewart (born in 1830 in Greenock, Scotland and died on June 22 1899 in Newburgh, N.Y.)

Jessie was born on August 6, 1869, in Newburgh and died on April 12, 1927 in Morristown, N.J. Her application for membership in the Daughter of the American Republic is folded up in the Lyon Memorial (which I am leaving to Joshua, our historian.) Jessie married Lewis Tooker Hutton I who was born on January 25, ? in New York City and died on October 20, 1914 in Morristown. They had two sons, Andrew and Lewis Tooker.

I heard that Jessie died of a carbuncle on her neck. I also heard from a second cousin, Mary Stewart Hafer, that the Huttons were related to the wealthy branch of that family in NYC. Mr Hutton never worked and was left three different inheritances of $60,000 each but ran through them with ease. He was also very kind and liked by the Stewarts. (I’ll quote from a few letters about the Huttons when I can see better.)
Jessie Stewart and Lewis T. Hutton gave birth to Lewis Tooker Hutton II on December 29, 1904.

The Lyon Family history as related by Margaret Agnes Foster [Hutton] in a letter written circa 1970 to her grandchildren:
To My Dear Grandsons, Chris, Josh, Ethan,
Scientists do not, as yet, know whether heredity or environment is the dominant part of a person’s accomplishments, characteristics and abilities. You, my dear boys, may reflect on your heritage from the following facts I have been able to gather. As far as I can determine, you have nothing in your background to be ashamed of or to defend.

History shows that in 1630, 50 Englishmen emigrated to the American colonies for religious liberties or, in the case of your Lyon ancestors, to escape persecution as followers of Cromwell present at the beheading of Charles I.

Born in 1620, John Ward came to Branford, Conn., an infant, and in 1666, went with Robert Treat and a group from Fairfield, Conn., to found a city on the Passaic River. This settlement became Newark, N.J. Among the group from Fairfield was Henry Lyon. one of three brothers who came to Milford, escape banishment or punishment for having witnessed regicide.

Records show that the Lyon family came from France with William the Conqueror. They settled first in East Anglia and then in Scotland are of the family of Bowes-Lyon at Glamis Castle. As of now, I do not know the ancestry of the Wards. In the book, The Lyon Memorial, you may read where the daughter of Henry Lyon married John Ward. Also a map of Newark shows the lots selected by each settler and the Ward homestead was held by your maternal family until 1898 when it was sold to the city of Newark as the location of the Public Library. From the first log cabin until its sale, this lot had only three houses on it.
From the Lyon family, you are descended through your grandfather, Lewis T. Hutton II, whose grandmother was Julia Lyon. The Huttons were also of Scottish descent.
The Stewart and Lyons families as related by Mary Stewart Hafer, Joan's second cousin (Joan forwarded this to Joshua Landis on January 8, 2010 with these words: "We have the Lyon Memorial too, given by Aunt Minnie to Margaret and Lewis in 1929 with the same small writing appended in the margins and end papers.)

Mary Hafer, the daughter of Archie Stewart of Stewart Airport, talks to the Stewart Airport Commission meeting in January 2006 to protest the name change of the airport. Times Herald- Record/KEN BIZZIGOTTI

Here is the letter sent by Mary Stewart Hafer to Joan on 8 January 2010:

Lyon Avenue Exit
by Mary Stewart Hafer

As Fred and I rolled past the Lyon Avenue Exit while driving north or south past Newark NJ on the Garden State Parkway, I always wondered if I had any connection to the Lyon Avenue exit. Archie had always talked about a Lyon ancestor who had something to do with Newark NJ. That ancestor had come to America, long ago, as a fugitive from royal retribution. He and his two brothers had been ordinary foot soldiers in Cromwell’s army and had been on guard duty and witnessed the execution of King Charles I. They realized that if the monarchy were ever restored, they would be considered guilty of treason. They wanted to be as far away as possible and came to America as soon as they could get there. That was all I knew until many years later, when, in his old age, he gave me a book titled Lyon Memorial - *Lyon, Sidney Elizabeth, ed., Lyon Memorial, Detroit, MI. William Graham Printing Co. 1909. I didn’t read it until later and then realized it was a complicated and interesting story, and that this book had been his source of information. The book was inscribed “To Archie and Mary, From Aunt Minnie, 1929”. (“Aunt Minnie” was Mary Stewart Gatter, sister of my grandfather Thomas Wesley Stewart and Uncle Sam.) The front and back pages were crammed with tiny handwritten notes of Revolutionary War records of ancestors, and the genealogical section had side notes from my Father indicating his direct ancestors. (I have added a few more side notes.)

Recently, a friend said I should write down the story for my descendants, so I took out the book and pored through it. I had problems with the time line and began to check it against various sources now available on the internet.

I found various errors and discrepancies. The change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian in 1752 may be responsible for some, and lack of accurate access by the author for others. Dates between January 1 and March 25 are especially confusing.

According to the book, the 3 brothers came to New Haven, Connecticut in 1648. This seems unlikely, as Charles I was executed Tuesday, January 30, 1649. (Gregorian calendar?) Henry Lyon was admitted to the church in Milford Connecticut, February 24, 1649, Julian calendar.

Milford was a small coastal settlement west of New Haven, and a hotbed of anti-royalist sentiment. Henry was given land there. In 1652, he married Elizabeth Bateman of nearby Fairfield, was given land and moved there.

This is a map of the land titles in Milford provided by Mary Hafer

Cromwell died in 1658, and in 1660, Charles II assumed the throne. In 1661 a head price was set on Cromwell’s kin and close associates. It was time to flee again. There were secret negotiations with New Amsterdam Dutch which failed. In 1662, Governor John Winthrop Jr. obtained a Royal Charter for consolidation of two colonies in Conn. without the knowledge of inhabitants of New Haven, Milford, Branford, Guilford, and Stanford. Now, the situation was really bad!

New Amsterdam was Dutch until 1664, when it fell temporarily to the English. A Dutch fleet regained it in August 1673. In 1674 it was ceded by treaty to the English.

In 1665 a group of English from Long Island received a grant for land “beyond Achter Col”. Four families settled there at what is now Elizabeth. They settled with the Indians with trade goods. Milford’s Robert Treat went to this group at Elizabeth to look over land there and negotiate. Also in 1665, Philip Cartaret arrived from England to take possession of land transferred by the Duke of York to Lords Berkeley and Cartaret.

In the spring of 1666, the first Connecticut settlers arrived at a desirable spot on the Passaic River. They were met by hostile Indians and had to buy it all over again from the Wapamuk, Wamesane, Peter, Captamin, and others, and then begin to build a settlement.

The Lyon Family

The first generation: Henry Lyon was back in Connecticut in 1667, sold his property and went to Newark with his family. (Newark was named after the English home of its first minister.) Henry Lyon was made tax collector for Newark from 1668 to 1673. This was an unpaid and thankless task. Taxes were all in wheat and other produce, as there was no money. Although they had bought the land outright, they agreed to pay tax to Cartaret.

Henry moved to Elizabeth and soon became one of the leading men in political and commercial affairs. In 1675, he was a member of the General Assembly. In 1681, he became one of the Judges of Small Causes, and later that year, Justice of the Peace, which in those days, was equivalent to Judge of the Supreme Court. In 1682 he was appointed Commissioner to lay out all highways, bridges, ferries, etc, for Essex Co. He was also active in commercial enterprises and made a small fortune with land in and around Newark and Elizabeth. Lyons Farms was a rural hamlet midway between Newark and Elizabeth, which in the mid nineteenth century, had a railroad stop and a post office and was still heavily populated by Henry’s descendants.

His wife died sometime in the late 1680s, and in 1689 or 90 he married a younger woman, Mary (?) and moved back to Newark. Mary had two daughters who were still minors in 1702 when he wrote his will. He outlived a number of his adult children and was buried in the Old Burying Ground. In the nineteenth century, the caskets and headstones were moved to a crypt elsewhere, and the land re-used. The inscription on his tombstone said “Mr. Henery Lyon died 23 March 1707, aged 84 yrs.”

[Joshua Landis adds: There are numerous passages about Henry Lyon in: William H. Shaw, History of Essex and Hudson Counties, New Jersey, Vol. 1, Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1884. For example, p. 364. reads.
Henry Lyon was at Milford, 1646; Married only daughter of William Bateman, at Fairfield, 1652; was dismissed from Milford to Fairfield church, 1664; was in Newark, 1667; in Elizabethtown, with son Thomas, in 1673 and 1696. His w., date 1702, in Newark, n. ch.....
Also see entries on many other Lyons, Wards, and Edwards.

The second generation: Our next ancestor was Thomas Lyon, born 1652 or 3. He signed the Branford agreement with an X in 1666 and received home lot #23. (The first generation of children was often illiterate as there was so little time or opportunity for education.) He later received a deed from his father in Elizabeth for the house he was living in, and additional land. He married Elizabeth (?) and died 1n 1694.

The third generation ancestor was Thomas’ second son, Thomas. He was born in Newark in 1692 and died there in 1768. He married Hannah, daughter of John and Lydia (Harrison) Baldwin, b. 1690, d. 1746.

The fourth generation was Thomas Lyon, the eldest son, birth date unknown. He was born in Newark and died in1785. He married Temperance, daughter of Deacon Ebenezer Baldwin. He died in 1785

The fifth generation ancestor was his youngest child, John, born Sept 13, 1765, who died May 10 1813. He married Elizabeth Medlar Allen.

The sixth generation of Lyons was Samuel Allen Lyon, b.1810, d. 1848 in Newburgh NY. m. Pamela Howell Cramer, b. 1810, d. 1860 Newburgh NY. Their fourth child was Julia Ann.

The seventh generation ancestor was Julia Ann Lyon, born Dec. 6, 1834 in Sucasunna NJ. She married Lachlan Leitch Stewart April 7, 1853 and died on May 12, 1913.She gave birth to 11 children, of whom 7 survived into adulthood.

Julia Ann Lyon [Stewart] (sent by Mary Hafer)
 Julia Ann Lyon [Stewart] (sent by Julie Gatter [Botel] in 2010)
Julia Ann Lyon [Stewart] (sent by Julie Gatter [Botel] in 2010)

Julia Ann Lyon [Stewart] c. 1903 at 69 [photo sent by Mary Hafer in Jan. 2010]

The Stewart Family
The Stewart family is newer to American shores. For a full family background in Scotland, go to "Stewarts of Campbeltown" a site created by Charles Stewart, a distant relative.

John Stewart (1749- April 1806) He was born in South Kintyre (Park), Argyllshire, Scotland and died in Skipness, Argyll, Scotland. (This information is taken from Mara Tippett's family tree on She is a descendant through the Gatter family)
 Photo from Julie Gatter [Botel] 2010: This is NOT the John Stewart who was father of Captain Archibald. Mary Hafer found a slip of paper in her possession that seems to have been attached to this photo but became separated from it. Mara is sleuthing about in and we are grateful.

John married Marian McGill (b ? d. 1838) in Argyll County, Scotland, United Kingdom. They had one child.
  1. Archibald Stewart, b. July 26, 1794 in Argyllshire Scotland. Died Aug 24, 1881 at Newburgh, NY.

Captain Archibald Stewart (Mary Hafer sent photo 2010)

He lived on a farm near Campbeltown, Argyllshire, Scotland. The farm overlooked the fine harbor at Campbeltown. My [Mary's] guess is that he thought sailing was more interesting than herding sheep. In any event, he became a sailor.

[Josh L: Due to the town's isolated location near the far end of a long peninsula, transportation was very important.Archibald moved to Greenock to work in the growing ship building business there.]

 Photo: looking west over Greenock, Scotland, and across the Firth of Clyde
[Josh L: Historically, Greenock relied on shipbuilding for employment. The first proper harbour was constructed in 1710, and Scott's was the oldest shipbuilding business in the world and gained numerous contracts with the Royal Navy from 1806, building ships such as the Glasgow. From the 1800 to 1980 many thousands of people worked to design, build and repair ships.] 

Archibald Stewart studied navigation and moved up the ranks to Captain. This is an obit that Mara copied from a Jasson Potter on
Archibald Stewart. son of John and Marrion (MacGill) Stewart, was born in Peninver, near Campbelltown. Argylshire, Scotland, July 26. 1794, died in Newburgh, New York, Aug. 24, 1881 [corrected to read: 1880, other records state 1881], buried in St. George’s Cemetery. He spent his early life on the farm and then studied navigation, and at the age of seventeen years was bound as an apprentice for three years on the brig "Lord BlenTyre", sailing between Greenock, Scotland, and the West Indies. After serving his apprenticeship he became a master mariner, and made his home in Greenock and for nearly fifty years was in command of different vessels sailing from that port to all parts of the world. 
He had an adventurous life and was shipwrecked several times. Once on Governor’s Reef, Bay of Honduras, vessel lost, all hands saved; lived on turtle eggs. Taken to Belecse, France. His next voyage was on the Earl of Buckinghamshire for Bombay, that being the first ship from the Clyde to the East Indies. They were nearly lost at Newfoundland, where they encountered ice for twenty days. On the 17th of March (St. Patrick’s Day) the people cut a passage through the ice and the brig was [one line missing]

Newfoundland a hurricane carried away one man and all the small boats, also most of the rigging. The captains son Archibald was found in the cabin hanging on a hook In the ceiling to keep from drowning. They were then rescued by Captain Hebron of the barque Ceylon, who saw their distress signals and took them to Quebec, October 2. 1845. in April. 1853, he embarked in the ship Adrian for America, accompanied by his wife and daughter Mary and settled in Newburgh, New York, where he remained until his death.

He married , in Scotland, January 23, 1826, Margaret Leitch, born in Tarbert, Scotland, in August 1797, died in Newburgh, New York, Dec. 26, 18
Archibald married Margaret Leitch at the Old West Kirk (good web site) in Greenock, and Lachlan was born there. When he was old, he retired, (didn't like those new-fangled and dangerous steam vessels) and came with his wife Margaret Leitch, and a daughter, to Newburgh to live with Lachlan. 
Margaret Leitch [Stewart] (1797 - 1872) married Captain Archibald Stewart at the Old West Kirk (good web site) in Greenock.

Captain Archibald Stewart and Margaret Leitch had two children that came to the US.
  1. Lachlan Leitch Stewart (1830-1899)
  2. Mary Barre Stewart. Born 23/10 1836, in Greenock, Scotland.
Mary Hafer adds about Mary Barre Stewart: I can't find the exact reference I have been looking for but her daughter married someone named Ed Barnes, and there was a daughter who married someone named Ralph. There was a boy in my dancing class named Donny Ralph. We were related, probably 3rd cousins.
Mary Barre Stewart married (10/4/1857) Jessie Merritt (d. 7/9/1911 Newburgh NY)
  Jesse E. Merritt (d. 7/9/1911 Newburgh NY) married Mary Barre Stewart (10/4/1857) Photo from Julie Gatter [Botel]

Mary Hafer adds in a note:
To: "Joan Landis", Friday, January 8, 2010
You may also be interested to know that the "Old West Kirk" in Greenock Scotland has a record of the birth of Lachlan Stewart, the father of your grandmother. There is also a record of the marriage of Lachlan's parents. It has a good web site. Captain Archibald Stewart lived on the waterfront in Greenock. Today, the site is a cargo container storage area. I have visited there and have also visited Campbelltown where Archiebald grew up. I always wondered why he went to sea as an ordinary mariner who later studied navigation and became a Captain. I think the answer is that he grew up on a farm at Peninvie which was high on a hill overlooking the excellent harbor at Campbelltown. Watching the ships come and go might have seemed more exciting than herding sheep. He led an extremely adventurous life. He was a descendant, grandson, I think, without looking it up, of the Stewart whom Charles has traced as our common ancestor. He is the one who lived in "The Park" which is now the home of McCartney. I have reasonable accurate genealogy back to him. According to oral tradition in my family, he claimed to be a Stewart of Appin. This clan was wiped out at the battle of Culloden. They had risen to fight with Prince Charlie. Our ancestor was at "The Park" at that time, and was thus a tenant of the Duke of Argyle, a Campbell, and a protestant who fought on the side of the English king. I have a feeling that our ancestor found it wise to stay home from the battle. (This is not based on any written records) In any event he survived to be an ancestor of us all.

Lachlan Leitch Stewart (1830-1899)
Lachlan Stewart 1830-1899 (sent by Mary Hafer)

Lachlan was born in Greenock Scotland in 1830 and died in 1899. At age eleven, he stowed away on a ship bound for the West Indies with a buddy. He wound up living with relatives in Newburgh NY and learned shipbuilding. He worked as a shipbuilder, saved money, bought a schooner and mainly hauled lumber from the Adirondacks to Atlantic seaports.

He worked as general manager for Homer Ramsdell, a wealthy entrepreneur, for seven years, and then became a partner with Thomas G. Sayre in the Newburgh Lumber Co. (Mara Tippett writes (2010) I found a Newburgh directory from about 1884 that lists Stewart & Sayre Lumber (Samuel's business) and both Lachlan and Samuel's addresses. Cool, huh?!)

 Thomas G. Sayre, the partner of Lachlan in the Newburgh Lumber Co. of Newburgh, NY. 
Photo from Julie Gatter [Botel]

Jane Sayer (Presumably Thomas' wife)
Photo from Julie Gatter [Botel]

Lachlan Stewart's sone Samuel took over the lumber company, allowing Lachlan to retire to the Brookside Dairy, a farm west of Newburgh. (See a photo of Brookside farm bellow under Samuel's photo)

Newburgh in the 19th Century - a boom town

Woodcut of Newburgh skyline from Hudson in 1842. 

Newburgh became quite prosperous during the Gilded Age. With its situation on the Hudson River, midway between New York City and Albany, it became a transportation hub and an industrial center. It is home to one of the first Edison power plants and thus was among the first American cities to be electrified. (Newburgh's electric power plant may have been the fourth in New York State. Steam heat was supplied by it to homes in the area. As a small child, Mary Hafer can remember seeing steam come out of tiny vents in the sidewalk on Liberty St.) It was among the first to fluoridate its water. In October, 1939, RCA chose to test-market televisions in Newburgh, making it perhaps the first US city to be saturated with TVs.

The last decades of the 20th century saw precipitous decline in Newburgh's economy. Most industry was shuttered and much of its white, mainly Scottish and English upper income population left. In 2000, the population was 42.33% White, 32.96% African American, and 36.30% Hispanic. The median income for a household in the city was $30,332. About 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line.
Lachlan Stewart 1830-1899 (sent by Mary Hafer)
Lachlan married Julia Ann Lyon on April 7, 1853. She died on May 12, 1913 and gave birth to 11 children, of whom 7 survived into adulthood. She is buried with him and his parents in St. Georges’ Cemetery in Newburgh NY.

Julia Ann Lyon, pictured here c. 1907 at the age of 73,
Julia, wife of Lachlan Leitch Stewart, is surrounded by four grandchildren: Lachlan Stewart Gatter is the big boy in back. Thomas Archibald (Archie) is the small boy in the lower right in the sailor suit (Mary Hafer's father). The other two are the Hutton brothers. Lewis Tooker Hutton II (b. December 29, 1904) is the youngest in front and Andy is in back. (Mary Stewart [Hafer] sent this photo to Joan Hutton [Landis] on January 12, 2010.)
The Eight generation

These are the seven children of Julia and Lachlan who survived to adulthood, pictured in 1875 in Newburg, NY
Mary Hafer's father, Thomas Archibald (Archie) Stewart, writes in a 1973 note attached to the photo, "This photo is believed to have been taken in 1875 because father, who is the baby on his sister's lap was born in October 1874." (Click on the photo to see an enlargement) From left to right:
  1. Jessie Eunice Stewart (6 August 1869), Age 6 [Hutton]
  2. Margaret Jane Stewart (11 July 1867), 8
  3. Samuel Lachlan Stewart (26 August 1860), 15
  4. Charles William Stewart (20 May 1865),  10
  5. Thomas Wesley Stewart (17 October 1874),? Months
  6. Ann Spooner Stewart (5 August 1857), 18
  7. Mary Amelia Stewart (20 May 1863), 12 "Aunt Minnie" [Gatter]
Ann Spooner Stewart
    Ann Spooner Stewart (5 August 1857), Samuel Lachlan Stewart (26 August 1860)  
    (Photo from Julie Gatter Botel) 

    Charlie William Stewart

     Charlie William Stewart
       Charles William Stewart (b. 20 May 1865 - d. Dec. 1881) - Photo from Julie Gatter [Botel]

      Margaret Jane Stewart (b. 11 July 1867)

      Jessie Eunice Stewart [Hutton] born on August 6, 1869 in Newburgh and died on April 12, 1927 in Morristown, N.J.

        Laura French and Jessie Eunice Stewart [Hutton] (tintype)
      photo from Julie Gatter [Botel]

      Jessie married Lewis Tooker Hutton I, who was born on Jan 25, 1844 in New York City and died on October 20, 1914 in Morristown. They had two sons, Andrew and Lewis Tooker Hutton II.
      Mary Amelia Stewart (20 May 1863), 12 "Aunt Minnie" [Gatter]

      Mary Amelia Stewart [Gatter] on left with her father, Lachlan Stewart 1830-1899 and ?.

       Back row: Sam, Lachlan, William Case
      Seated: Mary Amelia Stewart [Gatter], Annie Stewart
      Front: Ida Case Stewart (wife of Sam) (tintype)
         Thomas Wesley Stewart 1874-1951 (Grandfather of Mary Hafer)
        Thomas Wesley was the youngest of eleven children, of whom many died in infancy or older childhood. Thomas Wesley was born in Newburgh NY on the riverfront at the foot of Renwick St. on a site that was demolished by the railroad.married Annie Eliza Maharay in 1900, founded the Brookside Ice Co. and the Broadway Garage. He died Dec. 4, 1951. Mary Hafer writes, The keystone on the mantel at Camp came from this home.

        Samuel Lachlan Stewart (sent by Mary Hafer)

        Samuel married Ida Case Stewart (born 1861). 

         Ida Case Stewart, wife of Samuel Lachlan Stewart

        Mary Hafer writes that they adopted a daughter Gladys in 1907? in Newburgh, NY. Mary met a descendant, Anthony Carbone, when Mary was "fighting with National Express about maintaining the Stewart name at the airport. Anthony is the son of Lynne Stewart who is the adopted daughter of Gladys Stewart, who was the adopted daughter of Samuel Lachlan and Ida Case Stewart. He reveres Samuel Stewart as his great-grandfather."

         Stewarts in St George's cemetery Newburgh NY. 
        Mary Hafer writes: "The people are Hafers: Fred, and Tom with his back to you, and Ann with camera Anthony Carbone is facing the camera .His wife Sibi, has her back to you and one of their two boys.
        Brookside Farm
        Brookside Dairy Farm
        Map of Brookside Dairy and the Stewart Homestead. Click to enlarge.

        The house still stands on Stewart Ave.
        Joan Landis writes:
        I remember Brookside Farm very well where Uncle Sam lived when we were in New Paltz.
        Mary Hafer writes Jan. 2010:
        The Stewart farm and Stewart Airport are just west of Newburgh, and in sight of I-84 and the New York Throughway. The state has been talking for decades about connecting all three, and this has finally been achieved within the last few months. They had fun naming the road to the airport from exit 5A on I-84, as "Rt. 747". It runs into "Stewart Blvd" at the airport. The airport now is part of the New York-New Jersey Port Authority, and they are pouring millions of dollars into it to develop it as a 4th metropolitan airport, and are looking into rail connections to the city. It has a runway long and strong enough to be an emergency landing site for the space shuttle.
        Uncle Sam's farm area is nearby. It is on Stewart Ave., a curved road that connects Union Ave (rte 300) with Cocheton Tp. (rte 17-K). The last time I drove down it, the homestead house was there and also the dairy facilities, now operated by some other dairy firm. The dairy looked much as I remembered it, but not at all like the picture I sent, which was from an early farming magazine. See Stewart Ave. and Brookside pond on a Google Map, here.
        Stewart Homestead

        The Ninth generation: Thomas Archibald Stewart was the ninth generation descendant of Thomas Wesley Stewart. He was born Feb. 27, 1902 and became a partner with his father and Otto Brown in the automobile dealership. He had the idea in the 1920s that a city would need an airport in order to thrive in the twentieth century. He persuaded his uncle Samuel to donate fairly level unused pasture to the City of Newburgh specifically to build an airport. He later aided the take over by the Army for WWII needs. “Archie” married Mary Louise Warden, b. Aug.8, 1901 d. Sept 24, 2001. He was proud of his foresighted contribution to the airport, his military service in WWII, and his more than 70 year membership in the Rotary Club. He was unaware of the impact of his early motion pictures that have been shown at the National Gallery in Washington DC, and at museums around the world. His early magnetic recordings of Rob Golding are also of great interest. He died March 11, 1998.
        A Stewart, Hafer and Sauls Christmas 1958 at 388 Grand St. Newburgh NY. 
        Mary Stewart Hafer writes (on January 18, 2010): A Christmas gathering had been planned elsewhere, but G.G. (Great-Grandmother Annie Maharay Stewart) had been ill and didn’t feel up to travel, so the gathering was at her home. Grandmother Stewart’s birthday was Dec 23, 1879. She died Oct. 15, 1962.

        Back row L. to R.: Frederick L. Hafer, his father, LeRoy I. Hafer, Robert Nathaniel Golding, a dear family friend from Perry ME, (see internet info), Thomas Archibald (Archie) Stewart, my father, and Reginald G. Sauls IV, my sister’s husband.

        Middle row L. to R.: Thomas F. Hafer, my eldest son, John Stewart Hafer, 2nd son, died in 2005, Esther Wertz Hafer, Fred’s mother, my daughter Abigail A. Hafer on her lap, Mary L. Warden Stewart, my mother with my niece, Mary Sauls (now Kelly) on her lap, Annie Eliza Maharay Stewart, widow of Thomas Wesley Stewart, Lillian Sauls, the mother of Reggie.

        Front row L. to R.: Ann L. Hafer Fred’s sister, later Mrs R.J. Maguire, me, Mary Stewart Hafer, Anne Stewart Sauls, my sister, with unhappy Reginald G. Sauls V on her lap. (Another daughter Elizabeth Ann, was born later.)

        Abby is gleefully destroying my hair bun while I am trying to maintain a smile for the photographer.
        Times-Herald Record, September 26, 2001
        Middletown, NY

        Mary Louise Warden Stewart of Newburgh, wife of the late Thomas "Archie" Stewart, died Monday, September 24, 2001, at Arden Hill Life Care Center. She was 100. Born in Newburgh on August 8, 1901, she was the daughter of the late Herbert Andrew Warden and Ella Florence Todd. Mrs. Stewart was Valedictorian of Newburgh Free Academy in 1919. She then graduated from Wellesley College in 1923, where she majored in History of Art.

        In Newburgh, she studied voice with Ian Jackson and continued with Charles Adams White at the new England Conservatory while she was a student at the Wellesley College. She was a lyric soprano, sang in many Wellesley singing groups, and soloed with the Boston Pops. In Newburgh, she sang in concerts with Pattee Wallach as accompanist, and at radio station WGNY. She was often a guest soloist at the West Point Chapel, and sang in the Grace Methodist Church Choir for 30 years. After graduating from Wellesley, she married a childhood friend, Thomas A. Archie Stewart on October 20, 1923.

        They had two daughters, Mary Stewart Hafer and Anne Stewart Sauls. She also has six grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. She was delighted that one of her great-granddaughters is now a member of the Wellesley Class of 2004. She continued her interest in Art and studied Painting with Colton Waugh and John Gould. She became a painter of vivid loose impressionist oil paintings of scenes of the Hudson River and Powelton Golf Course. She also painted scenes of Cape Canaveral, Fla., where she visited her daughter Mary, and Southern California, where she visited her other daughter Anne.

        She joined the Powelton Club in the late 1920s, and was an avid golfer playing until the age of 94. She was a member of the Junior League of Newburgh; the Quassaick Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution; the Hudson River Wellesley Club; the New York Descendants of the Mayflower; and the Officers Wives Club at Stewart Army Base Annex. Along with her late husband Archie, she took part in many activities at Stewart Field, which then became Stewart International Airport.

        Visitation will be from 6 to 9 p.m. Friday, September 28, at White & Venuto Funeral Home, 188 North Plank Road, Town of Newburgh. Graveside funeral service will be at 3 p.m. Saturday, September 29, at Woodlawn Cemetery, New Windsor. Funeral arrangements in care of White & Venuto Funeral Home.
        The tenth generation is
        1. Mary Stewart (Hafer), b. Sept 7, 1924.
        2. Anne Stewart (Sauls) b. April 18, 1930. d. November 2001. 
        The eleventh generation is
        1. Thomas Frederick Hafer, 
        2. John Stewart Hafer, and 
        3. Abigail Ann Hafer.
        There are also 11th generation Saulses
        1. Mary Louise (Kelly)
        2. Reginald Gideon V
        3. Elizabeth Ann.
        The twelfth generation are the children of
        1. William Thomas Hafer, b. 1979, 
        2. Virginia K. Hafer Goodwin, b. 1981, and 
        John Stewart
        1. Moira Broderick, b. 1989. 
        Reginald Sauls V has a son and daught
        1. Reginald G. VI 
        2. Heather Marie. both in their late teens. (2010)

        For the Hutton-Landis family:

        The ninth generation is Lewis Tooker Hutton II (b. December 29, 1904; d. May 10th, 1953) and Andy Hutton, whose daughter committed suicide. See more about Lewis and Andy here.

        Jesse Eunice Stewart [Hutton] b. 6 August 1869: Lewis Hutton II (left) and Andy

        The tenth generation is Joan T. Hutton (b. April 22, 1930) and Lewis T. Hutton III.
        Landis family in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, 1961 or 62. Joshua, Joan, Kendall holding Ethan, Chris

        The eleventh generation is Christopher Kendall, Joshua Mead, and Ethan Edwards.

        Christopher Kendall, Joshua Mead, Ethan Edwards and E. Kendall Landis in Vt. 2006

        The twelfth generation is children of

        Christopher K. Landis and Tomi Bednar [Landis]
        1. Kyle Christopher, 
        2. Ryan Kendall
        Ethan Edwards Landis and Jude Lane [Landis]
        1. Jacob Lane, 
        2. Stuart Lachlan
        Joshua Mead Landis and Manar Kachour [Landis]
        1. Kendall Shaaban (30 December 2003)
        2. Jonah Hutton Firas (? March 2007)

        Kendall, Joshua, Manar, Jonah in Virginia summer 2008
        The Landis Boys: Summer 2009
        Back Left: Ryan Kendall, Jake
        Middle: Stewart Lachlan, Kyle Christopher
        Front: Kendall Shaaban, Jonah Hutton Firas
         Kendall in Vermont, 2008 at 4 yrs

        [Photo of Archie and Mary Stewart]

        By Mary Stewart Hafer Daughter of Archie Stewart

        Stewart International Airport was overgrown pasture land called “Stony Lonesome” when I first knew it. I remember picnicking there with my parents and their friends. Dad and his buddies liked to do target shooting there. My dad, Thomas Archibald (“Archie”) Stewart, was born in early 1902, well before the Wright brothers made their first historic flight at Kitty Hawk in December 1903. I asked him when he first saw an airplane. He replied that it was when the whole Hudson Valley turned out and looked upward to see Glenn Curtiss win a huge prize for flying from Albany to New York in less than twenty four hours. This was May 31, 1910.

        I believe his first up close and personal experience was in 1912 or 1913. A promoter, who knew nothing about aviation, had engaged a “barnstormer” to demonstrate his flying machine in Newburgh. It was scheduled for a baseball stadium near the old DuPont plant on South St. This was near my grandfather’s farm if you walked across fields and climbed over stone walls. When the aviator arrived with a horse-drawn wagon, carrying his plane minus its wings, he took one look at the field and said it was impossibly small. The impasse was solved when Grandfather, Thomas Wesley (“Wes”) Stewart, offered to let them use a suitable field that he had. The road to Grandfather’s farm entered from Rt. 17-K, and just beyond this was the road to the dairy farm of his brother, Sam.

        Archie Stewart Day

        Grandfather gave them road directions and he and Father went back cross-lots to await the arrival of the aviator and a huge crowd of spectators. To their amazement, they saw the entourage on the other side of Brookside Ice Co. pond, heading toward Uncle Sam’s house. By the time Grandfather and Father could get around the pond and catch up with them, the aviator had decided that there was a field there that was acceptable, though not as good as the one described to him. Grandfather did not know that this was a very special field of peas being grown by Uncle Sam for a carefully controlled experiment for the Cornell University School of Agriculture. The aviator, surrounded by hundreds of spectators, began setting up his plane. Just then, Uncle Sam came home from church. His face was brick red with anger and he called to his farm hands to bring him an axe to chop up the plane. His employees, wisely, had trouble finding an axe, thereby giving him time to cool down. This was the Samuel L. Stewart who donated the original land for the airport.
        The old terminal

        Father had a very strong sense of history. He knew of thriving canal ports and stage coach centers that had “withered on the vine” after railroads became the dominant means of transportation in the nineteenth century. He thought that in the twentieth century, a city would need an airport in order to prosper. Around 1930, Father and a number of like-minded young men, including Fred Stern, Gus Bennett, and Carlisle Goodrich, looked over all possible sites for a Newburgh airport and concluded that Uncle Sam’s “Stony Lonesome” was the best. Father went to Uncle Sam and suggested that he give it to the city for use as an airport. Uncle Sam readily agreed, and asked Father to represent him. In due time, with W.P.A. funds and a C.C.C. camp, the city slowly began to prepare the land.

        At that time, West Point’s Army Air Corps consisted of three or four Douglas observation planes on which the wheels had been replaced by pontoons. They were kept in a hangar on the banks of the river and commanded by First Lieutenant Orval Cook, later, a four-star general. They were used by faculty members who were pilots in order to maintain their flight proficiency. Father often took rides with them.

        In the late 1930s, Douglas MacArthur was Chief of Staff in Washington. He could foresee war clouds arising in Europe, and he knew that airplanes would play a major role in a coming war. He appointed a commission to find a site near West Point that could become a military airport where West Point cadets could learn to fly. After careful study, they decided that the infant airport at Newburgh was, by far, the best location.

        Father strongly welcomed this because he realized that the federal government had much deeper pockets for development than the city of Newburgh. He persuaded the City Council to sell the airport to the Army for one dollar.

        Since then, West Point cadets learned to fly there during and after WWII. It then became the headquarters of the Eastern Air Defense Command. In 1970 it was deactivated, and acquired by the New York Transportation Authority, although the Air National Guard and the Marine Corps still use it. More buffer land was purchased then, in addition to the farmland already acquired during Nelson Rockefeller’s governorship, for development and support of the airport. In 1990, American Airlines began scheduled service.

        Father lived to fly out with his family, (including me) on the first commercial flight, fifteen years ago. I had also attended the very first opening ceremony in a tiny hangar near 17-K, and many subsequent ceremonies. I am happy to see that Newburgh is a river port, a cross roads of major highways, and has a fine airport, all of which contribute to its economic prosperity.
        Passengers check in for the first commercial flight, in 1990 

        Also see this article: Stewart Airport To Be Renamed (December 17-18, 2005)
        National Express Corporation, the company that operates Stewart International Airport at Newburgh, is going to change the name of the airport to New York-Hudson Valley International Airport, has learned....

        Stewart’s daughter, Mary Stewart Hafer told on Friday that she is quite upset about the name change. She had assured her father she would support the airport’s name for the long haul.

        “I promised him when he was alive that I would do everything in my power to see that the name wasn’t changed,” she said. “He thought about the fact that it might be changed after he was dead and I promised him then that I would do whatever I could to see that they wouldn’t do that.”

        Archie Stewart’s grandson, Thomas Hafer, is furious about the name change. “If the airport were named Rockefeller or Roosevelt the name would never be changed, and it is shameful to take advantage of those who have done so much for Newburgh but who have no political power,” he said. “If a more descriptive name is needed, the Airport could be called Stewart-Newburgh, or Stewart-Hudson, much like Washington Reagan.”

        Hafer said Newburgh “should be proud to have citizens like Archie Stewart, and should not allow their names to be stricken from their rightful place. What message does this send to other citizens who wish to help the city?” He called on elected officials of Newburgh “to overrule this callous and short-sighted name change.”
        Also see: Slab of airport history is back in Stewart family hands

        Stewart will keep its name - for now
        Times Herald-Record
        April 20, 206
        - Finally, word came from Great Britain. The Stewart name change is officially on hold.

        In a letter to New York state officials, Phil White, CEO of National Express Group, the British company that runs the airport, said that plans to rename it New York Hudson Valley International Airport are being reconsidered.

        The letter follows months of protests from local residents and two stern letters from the state Department of Transportation.

        "Without the support of our stakehold- ers, we have no business and no long- term future," White wrote, promising that Stewartís future name is "actively under discussion."

        He didni't say when a decision would be made, which troubled Mary Stewart Hafer, daughter of airport benefactor Archie Stewart.

        "I think they're stalling," she said. "When they think things are quiet, they will present it again."

        But airport spokeswoman Tanya Vanasse says the owners are sincere, and want to include the Stewart history while add- ing a geographical identifier.
        Lease Restatement Will Secure Historical Name
        July 25, 2008
        Governor David A. Paterson today announced that under a proposed amended and restated lease agreement for Stewart International Airport with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, the air facility will continue to be named in honor of the Stewart family.

        On July 29, the Stewart Airport Commission will be considering the adoption of a resolution in support of an amendment and restatement of the lease between the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) and the Port Authority. Under the terms of the restated lease, the airport’s name will remain Stewart International Airport for the next 92 years, the duration of the lease.

        “Stewart International Airport is more than just a critically important transportation hub for the lower Hudson Valley; it is part of the region’s history,” said Governor Paterson. “While the previous lease holder sought to strip Stewart Airport of its distinguished name, I am so pleased that the Port Authority has committed to recognizing the airport’s connection to the Stewart family.”
        Stewart International Airport on Wikipedia